Overview of Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle: Exploring Wales’s Timeless Fortress

Overview of Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle: Exploring Wales’s Timeless Fortress

Welcome to a trip through time to Caerphilly Castle, one of Wales’ most beautiful sites. Standing tall and proud in South Wales, this magnificent castle is more than just a pile of ancient stones; it’s a giant from the pages of history. Imagine a castle so massive that it’s the second largest castle in all of Britain and the largest in Wales!

Built over 700 years ago, the castle is like a time machine to the past. It has huge walls and towers that were once used to keep enemies out and it’s surrounded by water defences to make it even tougher for them to get close. Think of it as a medieval superhero fort!

So, let’s get ready to unlock the secrets of this incredible castle and discover the tales of bravery, battles, and beauty that makes this castle a treasure of Wales.


Caerphilly Castle with storm clouds above

Journey to the Heart of South Wales

So, where exactly can you find this magnificent castle? It sits in the heart of the small town of Caerphilly. It’s not too far from Cardiff, making it a perfect spot for a day trip if you’re exploring the area.

Getting to Caerphilly Castle is pretty easy, whether you’re coming by car or hopping on a train from Cardiff. In less than half an hour from the hustle and bustle of the capital, you can be standing in front of those towering medieval walls, ready to step into history.


Caerphilly Castle and two Catapults in the foreground

Wales’s modern day stronghold

Have you ever wondered what makes Caerphilly Castle stand out, aside from its age-old walls and moats? It’s not just any castle; it holds the title of the biggest castle in Wales. Yes, that’s right – in a land dotted with ancient fortresses and castles, it takes the crown for its sheer size and scale. But why does this matter?

Being the biggest castle in Wales isn’t just about bragging rights. It tells us something special about the castle’s history and the ambitions of those who built it. Back in the day, building a castle as vast as Caerphilly was a clear sign of power and authority. It was like saying, “Look how strong and capable we are!” to everyone who saw it. The size of the castle meant it could house many soldiers and had plenty of space for food and supplies. This made it a tough nut to crack during sieges and battles.


Caerphilly Castle with the moat showing in the foreground


Its vastness allowed for innovative designs and defences, like its famous leaning tower, which still stands today, defying gravity. The size of the castle also meant it played a significant role in the history of Wales, serving as a key player in many historical events that shaped the region.

Today, the castle’s size brings it a different kind of significance. It’s a symbol of Welsh heritage and a testament to medieval architecture’s ingenuity and grandeur. For visitors, its scale offers a unique and immersive journey into the past, where every corner and stone has a story to tell. So, when we say Caerphilly Castle is the biggest castle in Wales, we’re really talking about a place where history comes alive in a big way, offering us a chance to walk through the pages of time.

A Step Back in Time

Diving into the Castle’s past, we uncover the story of this mythical castle and its origins, a tale as grand as the castle itself. This colossal fortress didn’t just appear out of thin air; it was built with purpose and precision. So, when was the Castle built? The answer transports us back over 700 years to the late 13th century, a time of knights, battles and the struggle for power in Wales.

Construction began in 1268, under the orders of Gilbert de Clare, a powerful Norman lord known as the Red Earl. He was a man with ambition, aiming to assert his dominance over the land and its people. The castle was his statement, a fortress so vast and formidable that it would deter any would-be attackers, particularly the Welsh princes who were striving to reclaim their territories from Norman control.


The leaning tower of Caerphilly Castle


To build Caerphilly Castle was no small feat. It required not only vast resources but also the latest in medieval engineering and architecture. The castle was designed to be a masterpiece of military defence, with massive walls and moats, making it nearly impregnable. It was also the first concentric castle in Britain. This design was cutting-edge for its time, showcasing the height of medieval castle-building techniques.

The construction of the Castle marked a pivotal moment in Welsh history, symbolising the clash between the Norman invaders and the native Welsh princes. It stood as a bastion of Norman power, but it also became a focal point for Welsh resistance, playing a central role in the struggles that shaped the nation.


Tourist crossing the moat bridge at Caerphilly Castle

The Architects of History:

It’s impossible not to wonder about the people who walked its halls, who climbed its towers, and who lived within its formidable walls. This grand fortress, a silent witness to centuries of history, has been home to a cast of characters whose lives paint a vivid picture of the era in which they lived.

At the heart of the castle’s history is its founder, Gilbert de Clare, whose ambition and vision brought the castle to life. But Gilbert’s story is just the beginning. The castle was not just a military stronghold but also a home, a court and a centre of power for those who held it.


caerphilly castle, cardiff, wales


After Gilbert, the castle became embroiled in the power struggles of the Welsh Marches, changing hands between English and Welsh, nobles and royals. One of the most notable residents was Hugh Despenser the Younger, a favourite of King Edward II. His tenure in the early 14th century was marked by intrigue and conflict and his influence over the king sparked a rebellion that led to his downfall and dramatic end. Caerphilly Castle was at the centre of these turbulent times, its walls echoing with the schemes and struggles for power.

In the centuries that followed, the castle saw decline and disuse, but its stories lived on, passed down through generations. It wasn’t just the nobles and knights who called this place home; it was also the soldiers who defended it, the servants who maintained it and the families who lived in its shadow.

Life Within the Castle Walls

Stepping inside the castle is like walking through a doorway into the past. The interior of this vast fortress offers a glimpse into medieval life, where every stone tells a story and every room holds secrets waiting to be discovered. Visitors to the castle today can expect an immersive journey that brings history to life, allowing them to touch, see and feel what life might have been like for those who called this place home.


Arial view of Caerphilly Castle


As you enter the main castle itself, you’re greeted by the grandeur of the Great Hall. Imagine banquets and gatherings, where the air was filled with the sounds of music, laughter, and the clinking of goblets. The Great Hall has high ceilings and robust walls would have witnessed celebrations and ceremonies, offering a space where the castle’s inhabitants and guests could come together.

Beyond the Great Hall, the castle’s interior unfolds into a labyrinth of chambers, passageways, and towers. Each room has its own character and history. The kitchens, with their vast fireplaces, speak of feasts prepared for hundreds of guests, showcasing the scale of hospitality and the social importance of such events.


Inside the Castle


Exploring further, visitors can climb the ancient staircases leading to the castle’s towers. These vantage points offer not only breath taking views of the surrounding landscape but also a sense of the strategic importance of the Castle.

Possibly, the castle’s best loved feature is the leaning tower, the south wall of which tilts dramatically due to centuries of subsidence. It’s a striking reminder of the castle’s age and resilience, offering a unique photo opportunity and a tangible connection to the historical events that have shaped the structure over time.

Throughout the castle, information panels and interactive displays help to bring the past to life, offering insights into the daily routines, defensive strategies and the historical significance of the castle.


Leaning tower of Caerphilly with a family looking like they are pushing it

Architectural Marvels and Mystical Tales

Delving into the heart of Caerphilly Castle reveals a treasure trove of fascinating details and lesser-known facts that illuminate its storied past and architectural wonders. This majestic fortress is not only a testament to medieval military engineering but also a bearer of intriguing tales and historical quirks that capture the imagination.

The Ingenious Defences:

Caerphilly Castle is renowned for its sophisticated concentric design, featuring an extensive system of moats and artificial lakes. These water defences, some of the most elaborate in Britain, were not just for show; they made the castle virtually impregnable, deterring attackers and rendering siege tactics ineffective.

A Ghostly Resident:

Legend has it that the Castle is home to a spectral inhabitant, the Green Lady. Said to be the ghost of Alice de la Marche, a noblewoman caught in a tragic love triangle, her spirit is rumoured to wander the castle walls and grounds, mourning her unrequited love and adding a layer of mystique to the ancient stones.


Caerphilly Castle at sunset with a light mist on the moat

A Royal Rebellion:

During the 15th century, the castle played a pivotal role in the uprising led by Owain Glyndŵr, the last native Welsh person to hold the title Prince of Wales. Glyndŵr’s rebellion against English rule saw Caerphilly Castle under siege, highlighting its strategic importance in the power struggles that shaped Welsh history.

A Hollywood Star:

Beyond its historical and architectural significance, the castle has also captured the imagination of filmmakers and has been a picturesque backdrop for various film and television productions. Its medieval allure and authenticity make it a perfect setting for storytelling, from tales of knights and dragons to historical dramas and TV shows like Doctor Who

Restoration Efforts at Caerphilly Castle

The castle’s journey through time has seen periods of neglect and decay, but concerted preservation efforts in the 20th century have restored its former glory, allowing visitors to step back in time and experience its grandeur. The restoration works have been carefully carried out to maintain the castle’s historical integrity, ensuring that it continues to captivate and educate future generations.


Mum and two children looking up at a stone carved knight by the castle walls

Visit Caerphilly Castle

Caerphilly Castle Opening Times:

1 March – 30 June: Daily 9.30am–5pm, Last admission 30 minutes before closing

1 July – 31 August: Daily 9.30am–6pm, Last admission 30 minutes before closing

1 September – 31 October: Daily 9.30am–5pm, Last admission 30 minutes before closing

1 November – 28 February: Daily 10am–4pm, Last admission 30 minutes before closing

Caerphilly Castle Ticket Prices

CADW Members: Free

Adult: £10.60

Family (Admits 2 adults and up to 3 children) £34.30

Disabled person and companion: Free

Juniors (Aged 5-17)

Seniors (Aged 65+): £10.00

Students: £7.50

All children under 5 receive free entry

Blue Light Card holders receive 10% off admission (not available online)

Group bookings are available with special rates.

Caerphilly Castle Address:

To reach the castle, use the following address:

Caerphilly Castle, Castle St, Caerphilly, CF83 1JD